Women for Peace and Democracy (WPD) – Nepal

Women for Peace and Democracy (WPD) – Nepal

07 Feb, 2013 - By

WPD supports sustained grass-roots development by building the capacities of rural women’s organizations in Central Nepal. WPD provides groups with training, technical support and resources in community development, sustainable farming, animal raising, micro-enterprises, and credit.

WPD is modeled on the “association governed by program beneficiaries” model used by MeA (Guatemala).

Location

7 rural communities in Central Nepal

PROGRAM

Socio-Economic Empowerment Program for Women & Marginalized Populations (SEWAM)

The SEWAM program supports agricultural production and micro-enterprise-based income generation through rural groups. Since the start of the project, WPD-Nepal has provided training in income generation, micro-credit and support to strengthen Mutual Development Organizations. These local groups serve as sources for rotating credit, mutual support, and collective action for income generation and community development. They also coordinate advocacy with local governments and other service providers through which groups can also access land and services.

NEPAL

np_large_locatorNepal has a population of 31 million. About half lives below the international poverty line ($1.25/day). Along with Afghanistan, Nepal is the poorest country in South Asia. Its GDP per capita places Nepal 209th in the world. The country has an unemployment rate of 25% of employment leading to high pressure to migrate.

Nepal’s adult literacy rate is around 55%, and 40% of the country’s income comes from agriculture. Nepal is one of the countries most intensely affected by climate change and glacier melts. Nepalese society is still healing and in transition following a 10 year civil war that destroyed infrastructure & caused deep social rifts.

Successive post-war governments continue work on drafting a new constitutional and re-integrate ex-combatants. Nepal is a cross-roads where many cultures and religions in Asia meet; including Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. Nepal is a very ecologically diverse country with ecosystems that range from the highest mountains in the world to fertile plains and lush forest valleys.

Region of Work

Seventy-five percent of  program participants are involved in subsistence agriculture (paddy and vegetable farming; raising small animals). About ¾ of participants lack enough food for up to 6 months of the year. The nature of the terrain (soil fertility, slopes, etc.), availability of water, and farming techniques used are the major constraints responsible for low productivity. In most of these cases, off-season vegetable farming has the potential to provide more reliable diet and incomes. This is a focus of training. High levels of illiteracy (92% for women, 65% for men) persist.

Most participants in WPD programming are born into lower caste or ethnic minority groups, and experience systemic discrimination that limits their access to education and economic opportunities.

Nepal Canada
Population 30.4 Million 35.1 million
Size 147,181 km2 9.9 million km2
Ranking- Human Development Index #157 in the world #11 in the world
Life Expectancy #165 in the world #13 in the world
Population below the Poverty Line 25% 9.4%
Carbon Footprint per person #204 in the world #14 in the world
Employment in Agriculture 75% 2%
Internet Users 0.1% 82%
Women in Parliament 33.2% 25%
Cost of Basic Needs Basket for a Family of 4 $2,300
Average Monthly Minimum Wage $72.75 $1,690
GDP Per Capita #209 in world #27 in world

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